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Thursday, April 23, 2020 | History

1 edition of Computer simulation of the probability that endangered whales will interact with oil spills found in the catalog.

Computer simulation of the probability that endangered whales will interact with oil spills

Computer simulation of the probability that endangered whales will interact with oil spills

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Published by Applied Science Associates in Narragansett, R.I .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Oil spills -- Alaska -- Mathematical models.,
  • Whales -- Alaska.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementMark Reed ... [et al.] (Applied Science Associates, Inc. and Hubbs Marine Research Institute) ; prepared for U.S. Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Alaska OCS Region.
    SeriesOCS study
    ContributionsReed, Mark., United States. Minerals Management Service. Alaska OCS Region., Applied Science Associates (Narragansett, R.I.), Hubbs Marine Research Institute.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15406765M

    Highly Endangered Whales Are Dying Due to Fishing Gear, Ship Collisions By Kate Sheridan On 10/24/17 at PM EDT A North Atlantic right whale swims in Cape Cod : Kate Sheridan.   An independent expert hired by the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe has found that the government’s environmental assessment of the pipeline’s environmental impact was inadequate. With this new information, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe chairman Dave Archambault II has asked the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to reassess its conclusion that the pipeline crossing will not Author: Earthjustice.   Gas leak creating a "dead zone" of unknown expanse and highly toxic to marine life, including beluga whales has been been bubbling away for 10 days in Alaska's Cook Inlet the federal point of contact for all spills, and the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. Processed "dry" natural gas is nearly 99 percent methane.


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Computer simulation of the probability that endangered whales will interact with oil spills Download PDF EPUB FB2

@article{osti_, title = {Computer simulation of the probability that endangered whales will interact with oil spills}, author = {Reed, M. and Jayko, K. and Bowles, A.

and Anderson, E. and Leatherwood, S.}, abstractNote = {A numerical model system was developed to assess quantitatively the probability that endangered bowhead and gray whales will encounter spilled.

@article{osti_, title = {Computer simulation of the probability that endangered whales will interact with oil spills, Final report}, author = {Reed, M. and Jayko, K. and Bowles, A. and Anderson, E. and Leatherwood, S.}, abstractNote = {A numerical model system was developed to assess quantitatively the probability that endangered bowhead and gray whales will encounter.

Oil spills and other water pollution are another danger, whether to sperm whales and dolphins in the Gulf of Mexico or to belugas, bowheads and narwhals in the : Russell Mclendon.

Preventing Oil Spills and Other Disasters by Risk Analysis of the Consequences and Probability of Failure: A Look at the BP Oil Spill in the Gulf Coast TASA ID: Risk assessment in the oil industry is a potentially useful tool to minimize failures, both equipment and human, and combines methods to quantify the costs of those failures with.

A team of researchers has developed a computer model for finding and projecting in time sunken oil masses on the bottom of bays, after an oil spill. The unique model can be used in. Local southern-resident killer whales are at the highest risk of death and long-term population impacts in the event of an oil spill in B.C.’s coastal waters, according to.

Moreover, in the simulation case of Figure 11 (far from the coast), the oil spill breaks into two parts due to spreading and surface tension forces. It may then be concluded that the prediction of the time dependent behaviour of oil spills in complicated 3D environments is feasible and can be accomplished within practical computer resources.

Acknowledgements. The authors wish to thank the support from projects MEDESS-4MS (Mediterranean Decision Support System for Marine Safety, MED 2S-MED) and TOSCA (Tracking Oil Spills and Coastal Awareness, G-MED) both funded by the MED-INTEREG IVA program from the European Commission and project MIDAS-7 (AYA Cited by: 1.

The study predicts the frequency of oil spills from tankers in various regions and areas of Canada. The expected spill rates (spills per year) are calculated by multiplying (1) the tonnage of oil loaded and unloaded at Canadian ports by (2) spill frequencies (spills per tonnes moved) derived from historical statistics.

Oil Traffic in CanadaFile Size: KB. Icelandic whalers have killed more than 1, whales since a global ban was adopted in – up towhen no hunts took place. Is. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico has been described as the worst environmental disaster in the United States, releasing about million barrels ( million US gal;m 3) of crude oil making it the largest marine oil spill.

Both the spill and the cleanup efforts had effects on the environment. The oil spill was called the "worst environmental. oil spills on species and on ecosystems (Loughlin a, Rice et al.Peterson et al. ABSTRACT: Killer whales were photographed in oil after the ‘Exxon Valdez’ oil spill Cited by:   In this Aug.

6, photo provided by NOAA Fisheries a North Pacific right whale swims in the Bering Sea west of Bristol Bay. Jessica Crance, a research biologist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, was able to use acoustic equipment to find and photograph two of the extremely endangered whales and obtain a biopsy sample from one.

Probability Distribution 1. Decide whether the random variable is discrete or continuous. The number of oil spills off the East Coast discreteb.

The number of touchdowns in the Super Bowl discretec. The temperature in degrees Fahrenheit on December 31 in New York City continuousd. 1) The number of oil spills occurring off the Alaskan coast 1) A) Continuous B) Discrete 2) The pH level in a shampoo 2) A) Discrete B) Continuous 3) The number of field goals kicked in a football game 3) A) Discrete B) Continuous Determine whether the following is a probability distribution.

If not, identify the requirement that is not File Size: KB. The Probability of an Offshore Accident. August 6, not including costs related to oil spills or the loss of human life The probability of a blowout during other activities, like development drilling, completion or production is well below that of exploration drilling, typically in the order of or per operation or well year.

Scientists are developing a near real-time computer model that predicts where endangered blue whales will congregate as they ply the Pacifc Ocean off California. Ships can then be notified to minimize chances that the largest animal on the planet will die in a collision with an even larger boat.

Think of it as a blue whale traffic-congestion map. Graham Slaughter, Writer. View this story on CTV’s website with video and photos. British Columbia’s endangered population of southern resident killer whales are more likely to go extinct, now that the Liberal government has approved Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain pipeline, some environmental scientists say.

Absolute probability estimates of lethal vessel strikes to North Atlantic right whales in Roseway Basin, Scotian Shelf JULIE M. VAN DER HOOP, 1,3 ANGELIA S. VANDERLAAN,1,2 AND CHRISTOPHER T. TAGGART 1 1Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, Oxford Street, P.O. BoxHalifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2 Canada.

Mathematical Model and Computer Simulation for Oil Spill in Ice Waters Around Island Based on FLUENT Wei Li College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, DalianChina Science and Technology on Underwater Vehicle Laboratory, Harbin Engineering University, HarbinChina Email: [email protected]

In open water or broken ice, the same study says that between 44% and 62% of crude oil resulting from a spill would stay put – neither dispersing nor evaporating – after 30 days.

Wildlife Conservation Society. (, April 14). Right whales threatened by planned seismic surveys along Mid- and Southeastern Atlantic seaboard, say scientists. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 2. Emphasize the practical and interdisciplinary nature of science with these event-based modules.

Using a combination of reading, writing, and hands-on activities, each uses a real-life event and the research/news stories that accompanied it to make everyday applications of Author: Russell G.

Wright. LACY DECLARATION - 1 Case No. cvMLP 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 KAMPMEIER & KNUTSEN PLLC S.E. 11th Avenue, Suite. Comprehensive and thorough development of both probability and statistics for serious computer scientists; goal-oriented: to present the mathematical analysis underlying probability results Special emphases on simulation and discrete decision theory Mathematically-rich, but self-contained text, at a gentle pace Review of calculus and linear algebra in an appendix Author: James L.

Johnson. The new technology, while still in the development stages, could be a game changer for the lobster industry. While critics argue that the regulations will put a strain on lobster fishermen with increased costs, supporters say the solution avoids increased federal regulations that would bar lobstermen from working in critical lobster-rich areas.

While there’s no imminent. How the Oil Industry Saved the Whales Prior to the s, light was provided by torches, candles made from tallow, and lamps which burned oils rendered from animal fat.

Because it burned with less odor and smoke than most fuels, whale oil, particularly oil from the nose of the sperm whale, became popular for lamp oils and candles. Russian oil and gas company Rosneft is conducting oil and gas exploration work that may have caused the critically endangered western gray whale to.

Shell Game. The Department of the Interior says there’s a 75 percent chance of a major oil spill in the Arctic—and it’s willing to take that chance. murres, puffins, and bowhead whales. By normalizing oil detections by the frequency that each area was sampled, we estimate that oil covered a mean daily area of 10, km$^{2}$ (with a.

Probability and Statistics for Petroleum Resource Assessment By Robert A. Crovelli1 Simulation Game Theory Decision Theory Risk Analysis Dynamic Programming Reliability Theory Pool: An individual accumulation or reservoir of oil or gas. Field: A set of one or more pools of oil or gas that are related to a single Cited by: 4.

This study describes the biological results of a comprehensive shoreline ecology program designed to assess ecological recovery in Prince William Sound following the Exxon Valdez oil spill on Ma The program is an application of the “Sediment Quality Triad” approach, combining chemical, toxicological, and biological by: Spill Probability Assessment for the Hebron Development Project (Jacques Whitford Stantec, June ) Probability of Oil Spills Associated with Fuel Movements to the Vancouver Airport Fuel Terminal (Moffatt and Nichol, September ) Norske Hydro Environmental Assessment: Blowout and Spill Probability Analysis (Jacques Whitford, March ).

Back to table of contents. ENDANGERED SPECIES Whales' blowholes could replace poop as data source — study Published: Wednesday, J The spray from a whale's blowhole could give. Probability methods in oil exploration Hardcover – January 1, by John Warvelle Harbaugh (Author)Cited by: Provide an appropriate response.

Round to the nearest hundredth. 8) Find the standard deviation for the given probability distribution. x P(x) 0 1 2 3 4 8) 9) A police department reports that the probabilities that 0, 1, 2, and 3 burglaries will be reported in a given day are,andrespectively.

Find the standard deviation for the probability. Effects of oil spills on bird reproduction. Determination of spill associated bird mortality from post-spill body counts.

Assessment of the impact of an oil spill on marine mammals. Summary of birds and marine mammals for offshore oil spills. Assessment of oil spill damage to New England marine turtle populations.

This dice simulation is a great way to to reinforce the science concept of an oil spill and how it affects the environment while connecting it to writing.

By performing the writing connection, students will cement their knowledge by writing creatively from the point of view of a piece of oil after an oil spill.4/5(23).

Researchers used a computer model to backtrack virtual particles from the Gulf of Mexico spill site to determine the probability of young sea turtles arriving to this area from across the Atlantic. The abundance of turtles in the vicinity of the oil spill was derived by forward-tracking particles from 35 major nesting beaches using knowledge of.

Whales, sharks, and penguins all have streamlined bodies end appendages for moving in water even though they belong in different classes of animal classes (mammals, birds, fish). Of which pattern of macro-evolution is this an example?.

Read chapter 4 An Ecosystem Services Approach to Damage Assessment: On Apthe Deepwater Horizon platform drilling the Macondo well in Mississ.Ocean Industry 13(6) Models, Oil spills, Movement, Cost analysis, North Sea, *Computer simulation Based on a computer simulation program (SLIKTRAK) developed by Shell International Petroleum Mij (SIPM), the estimated cost of an average oil spill resulting from a North Sea well blowout is $6 million.Oil spills are unintentional releases of oil or petroleum products.

In accordance with the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit Program, all North Slope oil companies must submit an oil spill contingency plan. It is illegal to discharge oil into the environment, and a reporting system requires operators to report spills.